Having the appropriate wedges
in your bag can lead to an immediate improvement in scoring. Having
the right number and type of wedges will improve your short game and
help you land closer to the pin more often. Once you’ve mastered the
wedge, you will notice a significant improvement to your score as you’ll
be able to place the ball on the green with more accuracy than any other
club in your bag. For this reason it is recommended to carry at least
one utility wedge in your bag.
The focus with wedges is on
accuracy with the aim of landing a short shot as close as possible to
the flagstick. For this reason wedges are often referred to as the "scoring
The appropriate time to use
a wedge will be determined primarily by the distance between your ball
and the pin. On full shots from the fairway, a typical golfer might
hit a sand wedge 70 meters while women are likely to cover a distance
of 50 meters. A lob wedge would cover 50-55 meters for men, 20-30 meters
for women. A gap wedge would fall in between your pitching wedge and
sand wedge distances.
When properly struck, wedges
produce a very high, arching shot. So if you need to get over a tree,
for example, a wedge comes in handy. Or if you’re off the green with
a big bunker right between you and the flagstick, a high, arching shot
with a wedge is a good choice. Because wedge shots have such a high
trajectory, they tend to roll very little once they hit the green. More
accomplished players can produce a great deal of backspin with a wedge,
causing the ball to back up once it hits the green. Any wedge can also
be used for chipping around the green.
If you are looking for your
first utility wedge consider the 52 degree gap wedge which lies between
a sand wedge (typically 56 degrees) and a pitching wedge (typically
47 degrees). The gap wedge is useful in situations where you are too
close to use a pitching wedge yet too far to use a sand wedge. The 60
or 64 degree lob wedge will cover short distances to the green.
Bounce is a concept that even
golfers who have been playing for decades may not understand, or may
misunderstand. So no beginner should worry too much if he hears other
golfers talking about "bounce" and doesn't have a clue what
The angle between the leading
edge and the trailing edge of a golf club is called bounce. The idea
is to choose a wedge that lets you glide through your shot without the
club digging into the turf. Less bounce is good for harder surfaces.
It is important to find out what kind of surface you generally play
off. Harder surfaces require less bounce while softer surfaces require
more. Your angle of attack is also important; if you have a steep swing
then you would want more bounce rather than less to avoid your club
digging into the turf.
Things to consider when choosing
- Course conditions
- Angle of attack
bounce (above 14°) for tall grass, deep rough, and fluffy sand
Standard bounce (10°-14°)
for normal to soft conditions or those who leave shallow divots.
Low bounce (0-10°)
for tight lies, fairway shots, and tight, compacted sand.
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